Components of the WISSARD Project
WISSARD (Whillans Ice Stream Subglacial Access Research Drilling) will examine subglacial ecosystems in a holistic context.
The project will investigate the physical, chemical, and geobiological interactions in the subglacial environments poised at the interface of the Antarctic cryosphere, geosphere and global ocean. The WISSARD science program connects 8 institutions across the country and includes 13 research groups using specific scientific expertise in three integrated projects, LISSARD: (Lake and Ice Stream Subglacial Access Research Drilling), RAGES: (Robotics Access to Grounding-zones for Exploration and Science), and GBASE: (Geomicrobiology of Antarctic Subglacial Environments). This large-scale interdisciplinary approach to study the subglacial environments of a West Antarctic ice stream provides the unparalleled opportunity to highlight the process of science utilizing novel technology and the increasingly interdisciplinary nature of scientific discovery.
In order to accomplish its science goals, WISSARD requires unique field equipment to get to the field site, drill an access borehole, and sample the subglacial environment. We will combine proven polar designs with purpose built equipment, as highlighted under our Technology page.
The Infrastructure and Logistics to support the WISSARD science project is provided through the US Antarctic Program prime contractor, managed by Lockheed-Martin as the Antarctic Support Contract. Specialized WISSARD equipment and platforms are being designed and assembled, both in the US and at McMurdo Station, to support the specific requirements to accomplish WISSARD science. Most of the heavy equipment, fuel, and infrastructure for the WISSARD project will be delivered to the field site by a surface traverse.